Rural water and sanitation in Indonesia

Feasibility study for water and sanitation programme in rural Papua

Posted on 16 September 2010

Rural water and sanitation in Indonesia

This project aims to set up a programme for drinking water supply and sanitation in a rural area by establishing a cooperative venture with Indonesian parties that is compatible with local relationships and conditions.


• To establish a workable cooperative venture between three parties (Dutch partners, a local water company and local groups) to set up a total programme for drinking water supply and sanitation in the rural areas around towns in the province of Papua, whcih is compatible with the cultural, institutional, financial and technical context.
• To ensure that local NGOs participate in the venture by submitting proposals for WASH pilot projects


  • Water and sanitation programme compatible with the context
  • Implement and evaluate the contract between Simavi and WMD
  • Participation of local NGOs in the cooperative venture
  • Recommendations and learning points for all parties involved
  • Results used to set up non-PvW pilots in Wamena and Biak

Spin off

Dutch water supply companies have broad expertise in constructing and maintaining drinking water supply systems (piped water schemes). If they are active abroad they often tend to use this method, and thereby focus on the urban sector. Work in rural areas has a completely different context: it is for example not possible to construct piped water schemes there in the same way because the low population density makes it too expensive and because there are different structures of property and management. This project has increased understanding of the context and shown that, through cooperation and with different methods than a pipeline network, you can also achieve effcient drinking water supply in non-urban areas. The professional way in which this project was approached was a valuable supplment to the way in which NGOs generally work.