Field Research in Manyatta, Kisumu

Bottom-up planning starts with knowing everything about the neighbourhood!

Posted on 31 October 2011

Field Research in Manyatta, Kisumu

This participatory enumeration study shows that Manyatta has no water or sewer lines that serve the settlement, and constantly suffers from water-related problems, derived from a dependency on boreholes (public or private), water vendors and (often contaminated) shallow wells. Most residents use pit latrines which are often in poor condition. The study also demonstrates that residents are specifically dissatisfied with the lack of privacy, the congestion and the bad state of facilities.


Urban Matters promotes bottom-up planning, linked to the city development strategies, like the Kisumu Structure Plan. As a starting point, Urban Matters, in cooperation with the Municipal Council of Kisumu, and the Pamoja Trust, performed an enumeration exercise in Manyatta in 2011 with the following objectives:


  • To establish the number of households/families
  • To establish the current status of basic facilities
  • To establish the status of infrastructure and boundaries

Technologies used

In gathering spatial data, enumerations were done. An enumeration is generally a basic census activity used for collecting spatial data, such as house type, water services, sanitation, garbage disposal and the social economic aspect of a participating individual. To cultivate a sense of inclusivity and participation in the project, the community was involved in the enumeration exercise.

Mapping and numbering involves the use of GIS maps to know the extent of the households to be covered by the project. Through the numbering process, an address system for identification of each household is developed with the community with consideration of settlement name, settlement zone/unit, sub unit, plot number and house number. Satellite imagery covering the area is often used to digitize the existing structures and infrastructure such as roads which are visible from the image. Just like enumerations, the mapping was also done with the participation of the community.

Project location