New Garuda shaped master plan gives Jakarta new perspective on coastal city development
In a government-to-government project Dutch and Indonesian partners jointly developed a master plan that makes Jakarta not only flood proof but also creates a challenging perspective for the development of the city including the housing of 4,5 million people.
During a trade mission to Indonesia led by Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte (middle right), the involved Dutch parties presented a bid book for the realization of the master plan to Indonesian Minister of trade Gita Wirjawan (middle left) in Jakarta on 20 November.
The backbone of the master plan is a flood protection dam with 17 artificial islets to be constructed in Jakarta Bay. Formed by law of nature and sea water flows, the new waterfront has shaped as the wings of a bird, referring to Indonesia's national symbol the great Garuda.
Floods and urban challenges
Jakarta is sinking at an alarming rate of 7,5 (and some parts even with 14) centimeters per year. Without intervention large parts of the city, housing four and a half million people, will be submerged by the sea.
The national capital of Indonesia is choking in water and, in addition to that, in traffic congestion. The consequences of these challenges for the city are enormous.
These problems are so serious that there are doubts about the sustainable future of the nation’s capital, and even studies are undertaken to relocate the capital to another place in the Indonesian archipelago.
The Indonesian government is facing not only the challenge to flood proof Jakarta, but also to create a new perspective for Jakarta as the home of millions of people, and as the Nation’s Capital.
In a government-to-government initiative, the Dutch expertise and experience on the integration of water management and urban development is shared with Indonesian partners. A joint project was created to conceive a Master plan for the National Capital Integrated Coastal Development (NCICD), that will facilitate and encourage flood proof and sustainable development of Jakarta.
The NCICD master plan proposes a Giant Sea Wall that will protect Jakarta against floods from the sea. Inside the Giant Sea Wall large lagoons will be created to buffer outflow from Jakarta’s rivers. To ensure the quality of this lagoon, waste disposal, water treatment and sanitation measures will be implemented throughout the existing city.
The Giant Sea Wall development will create a unique and iconic image. Formed by laws of nature, sea water flow and efficiency, this elegant waterfront city resembles a Great Garuda spreading its wings to protect the people of Jakarta. This metaphoric narrative of the national symbol, offers great and compelling strength that is much needed for this formidable project to succeed.
The Great Garuda will protect Jakarta from floods from the sea. But it will do more. It will also provide for a new vision on the future of the national capital.
New perspective on coastal city development
It will become an integral part of the development of Jakarta. The city will be become water resilient and the new coastal development will house 1.5 to 2 million people. Metropolis scale infrastructure such as toll roads, light rail and freight trains is integrated in the Great Garuda design.
The integrated development will relieve urban pressure (traffic, building, economic, etc.) on the existing city. Thereby significantly increasing the quality of life in Jakarta.
The NCICD master plan is developed by a consortium headed by Witteveen+Bos (main contractor) and Grontmij, with subconsultants KuiperCompagnons, Deltares, Ecorys and Triple-A. The urban concepting of the Great Garuda is by KuiperCompagnons.
Read more on this website on the Dutch economic mission to Indonesia lead by Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte and Minister for Foreign Trade and Development Co-operation Lilianne Ploumen:
● Indonesian students strongly encouraged to contribute new ideas for Jakarta Bay, 26 November 2013
● Paques signs MoU with Indonesian oil company Pertamina for cooperation on treatment of bleed water, 25 November 2013
● Dutch and Indonesian institutes intensify collaboration on water, weather and climate forecasts, 25 November 2013
● Tirasa and Royal HaskoningDHV initiate cooperation for building small scale hydropower plants in Indonesia, 22 November 2013
● Van Oord contracted to construct five islands in port of Surabaya, Indonesia, 21 November 2013
● Dutch water sector intensifies Jakarta collaboration, 20 November 2013
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